It must be the fear of not knowing what to expect. Not that most individuals are aware of their purpose in life when they are alive; but that apart, no one really knows what happens when one dies while they're alive. But it is a topic that takes you beyond the realm of comfort and forces you to question the secure world that you've built for yourself.
Security, comfort, relations, money, values, hopes, fears, dreams, and desires are all lost when we die. In a way it signifies the true and complete annihilation of our being... or so you'd like to believe. Why the doubt? Cause a topic such as this one has not gone without theories being formulated around it.
Theories revolving around what happens when we die and the afterlife. There are several cultures in this world that have distinct explanations regarding this topic and in the following section we will try and touch upon a few of these. It is then up to you to either agree or disagree with them.
What Happens When We Die
Please note that given further is not an explanation about the signs of approaching death or about the changes in the body after a person dies, but rather, provides a philosophical perspective on things. That being cleared, let's move on to what we've set out to find.
Soul emerges from the ultimate being (God) and purpose of every soul is to merge with this force (God). It can only happen when the soul is pure and divine, for which it has to let go of all negative forces that 'life' brings with it. Things like desires, malice, negativity, attachment, and all negative emotions that birth brings.
It needs to develop purity of thoughts, sacrifice, and unconditional love. It is only when the soul becomes pure in the true sense of the word that it can be one with God or the force. And it is in this quest that the soul passes from one body to the next and hopes to become a better and refined soul with every birth.
This is where the popular concept of karma comes in (Simply put, 'As you sow, so shall you reap'). If you're a good human being in this life, the next life will be a better one. If on the other hand, you've been a bad human being in this one, you'll have to pay for it in your next life.
The Roman Catholics believe that after a person dies, his/her soul's fate can have 3 possible outcomes. If the soul has been close to God, then it will be sent to heaven, his, whose soul has been corrupt and involved in moral sins and acts will be sent to hell (where it will stay forever and be tortured).
A third fate, of purgatory is one where a soul who does not love God perfectly is sent so that his soul can be cleansed with the hope of becoming pure and then sent to heaven. In purgatory, several forms of torture will be meted out on the soul and the pain will far exceed any form of pain that he/she has experienced in life. This is done to clean the soul.
The Protestants believe that after a person dies, his soul will enter eternity. With the second coming of Jesus they will be judged and either sent to heaven or hell. Thus there is no concept of purgatory in the Protestant religion. Many other streams do not believe in the concept of purgatory either.
In Judaism, the existence of naranchai is focused upon. Naranchai is the source of spirituality of a person. It is the count of not the good traits and deeds of a person but the level of spirituality in him/her. The Jews believe that in Judaism afterlife, all his spiritual essences do not leave the body at one go after the Jewish death rituals are over.
Some remain within the body for 7 days and sometimes even more. Upon death it is judged if a person is spiritual or not. This is based on the fact whether he has done good deeds, focused on spirituality and perfected his traits. Such a person will have no difficulty leaving his body.
A person who has not built his naranchai will find it very difficult to break the association with his body and will go through a painful process of having to break those physical ties. Once these ties are broken, the naranchai is brought before the Heavenly Court and a judgment about his fate made.
A good soul is taken to the Realm of Souls where the naranchai will continue to grow in spirituality. There is no concept of hell in Judaism. The bad souls are sent to purgatory. It is believed that there are certain situations in which the soul has to come back to Earth.
For example, if an earthly task has remained incomplete or he has done something wrong and can correct it in someway, or sometimes a good soul is brought down to guide others.
This angel has an account of the good and bad deeds the person has done in his/her life. Good deeds would be signified by a number of positive characteristics like whether he has been true to Allah, has prayed and been a good person; while bad deeds would manifest if a person has not been God fearing and has accumulated several bad traits in his lifetime.
There are 7 levels of heaven and the purer the soul is, the higher the level he will be placed at. In hell, there are several forms of torture meted out on the soul for the way in which it led his/her life. Other than heaven and hell, there is a third possible fate that a soul can be trapped in.
This is the in between phase which is where the souls of those people who have committed suicide will be trapped. Taking one's own life is the ultimate disrespect that can be shown to Allah because it is the literal taking away of the one true gift (Life) that has been given to mankind. Once the soul's fate has been decided, it is meant for eternity.
A simple concept, which, even if is merely an adage that has been developed to ensure that a person develops good traits, does the task rather well. The fear or the mystery that surrounds the concept of what happens after you die however, can only be fully understood once a person dies.