The Hebrew calendar is used by the Jews, most commonly for religious purposes. It is based on the rotation of the Earth about its own axis, the moon's revolution around the axis of the Earth and the Earth's revolution around the Sun. The lengths of the years in a Hebrew calendar vary in a cyclic manner, owing to the differences in the lunar months and a solar year. This calendar has different starting points for different purposes like civil and religious. Let us look at the months that comprise one year of the Hebrew calendar.
The length of this month of the Hebrew calendar is 29 days. The name of this month has a Babylonian origin. It is equivalent to the months of April and May of the Gregorian calendar. Its name in the Hebrew bible is Ziv. The second Passover that falls on the 14th day of the month is an important holiday in Iyyar. Memorial day observed on the 4th of Iyyar and the Israeli Independence Day on the 5th are other major holidays in this month.
This is a month of 29 days and is equivalent to the Gregorian months of December and January. The festival of Hanukkah continues through some part of this month. The Tenth of Tevet or the tenth day of Tevet, is observed as a fast day.
This was a list of months of the Hebrew calendar. True, the Hebrew calendar is used only for religious purposes today, but it is nonetheless important to understand that the Gregorian calendar, which is used as a standard, is in some ways linked to the ancient Hebrew calendar. Understanding this closely-knit relationship is important and interesting.